Blood Plasma Resistin and Atrial Fibrillation in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease

George Samanidis, Anastasios Gkogkos, Stefanos Bousounis, Leonidas Alexopoulos, Despina N. Perrea, Konstantinos Perreas

Abstract


Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) affects quality of life and prognosis of patients with cardiovascular disease. Resistin plays an important role in inflammatory response to internal and external factors. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between resistin and permanent AF (PAF) in patients with cardiovascular disease.

Methods: In our study, we included 146 patients with cardiovascular disease. Plasma resistin concentrations and demographic characteristics of patients were recorded. The patients were divided in two groups: 118 patients without a history of PAF (NonAF group), and 28 patients with a history of PAF (AF group). Association of resistin with PAF and other variables was examined by parametric and non-parametric tests, and multivariable linear and univariable logistic regression analysis.

Results: No differences of demographic characteristics (gender, age and body mass index (BMI)) between two groups were observed (P > 0.05). Higher median levels of resistin were observed in group AF than in group NonAF (6.90 ng/mL vs. 5.83 ng/mL, P = 0.03). Multivariate linear regression analysis (adjusted to gender, age, BMI, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, and mitral valve disease) showed that resistin was associated with PAF (β = 0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.08 to 1.51, P = 0.03).

Conclusions: Our analysis showed that plasma resistin was associated with PAF, and resistin concentration was higher in patients with AF compared to those without AF.




Cardiol Res. 2020;11(5):286-293
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr1121

Keywords


Resistin; Atrial fibrillation; Cardiovascular disease

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