A Survey of Coping Strategies With Stress in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction and Individuals Without a History of Fixed Myocardial Infarction

Seyed Mahmood Sadr Bafghi, Nastaran Ahmadi, Seyyed Mojtaba Yassini Ardekani, Lida Jafari, Bahareh Bitaraf Ardekani, Roya Heydari, Fahame Maroufi, Reza Faraji

Abstract


Background: This study aimed at investigating the coping strategies with stress in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and individuals without a history of fixed MI and cardiovascular disorders.

Methods: This case-control crossover study was conducted from March 2015 to February 2016 on 220 patients with acute MI (MI patients) as case group and 220 patients without any history of MI and cardiovascular diseases as the control group using availability sampling method. To collect the required data, demographic information questionnaire, Holms-Raheh life stress inventory, perceived stress questionnaire, and coping inventory for stressful situations (CISS) were applied.

Results: On the basis of our findings, 118 patients (53.6%) with MI used emotion-focused coping strategy. Ninety-seven patients (82.2%) with MI who used emotion-focused coping strategy had negative perceived stress. Additionally, 71 patients (60.2%) with MI who had used emotion-focused coping strategy suffered from very high level of stress.

Conclusion: The most MI patients had very high level of stress while most people in control group had high level of stress. Most MI patients that had very high level of stress cope with it in emotion-focused coping strategy and it proves that people with higher levels of stress are more likely to use inefficient coping strategies.




Cardiol Res. 2018;9(1):35-39
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr655w

 


Keywords


Stress; Acute myocardial infarction; Coping strategies with stress

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