Association of Tp-Te/QT Ratio With Ventricular Tachycardia in Patients With Idiopathic Outflow Tract Ventricular Premature Contraction

Arina Prihestri Nugraheni, Irsad Andi Arso, Erika Maharani

Abstract


Background: Idiopathic outflow tract ventricular premature contraction (VPC) can evolve into ventricular tachycardia (VT) via triggered activity mechanism. Transmural dispersion of repolarization (TDR) might play a role in idiopathic outflow tract VT by inducing phase 2 early afterdepolarization (EAD) and serve as the functional substrate for VT. Tp-Te/QT ratio as an arrhythmogenesis index has been reported to be associated with the incidence of ventricular arrhythmia. This study aims to investigate the association between Tp-Te/QT ratio with VT incidence in idiopathic outflow tract VPC.

Methods: Observational research with cross sectional design was conducted. VT episodes were retrospectively tracked from electrocardiogram (ECG), treadmill test (TMT), Holter monitor and electrophysiology study data in Sardjito Hospital of patients with idiopathic outflow tract VPC during September to October 2017. Tp-Te/QT was defined as the time from the peak of T wave to the intersection between the tangent and isoeectric line, divided with QT interval. Tp-Te/QT ratio measurement was performed in leads V4, V5 and V6 by single observer. Tp-Te/QT ratio was categorized into increased (> 0.25) and normal (< 0.25). Chi-square and logistic regression test were performed.

Results: Out of 46 patients, there were 28 patients who had VT. Increased Tp-Te/QT ratio of lead V4 was found in 11 patients, the increased ratios in leads V5 and V6 were found in 13 patients. The prevalence ratio (PR) of Tp-Te/QT ratio to VT incidence in lead V4 was 2.059 (95% CI: 1.464 - 2.895; P = 0.007), while in leads V5 and V6 was 2.200 (95% CI: 1.514 - 3.197; P = 0.002). Tp-Te/QT ratios in leads V4, V5 and V6 were not significantly different and equally strong in predicting VT events (P < 0.001; 95% CI). Adjustment of confounding factor hypertension with multivariate test gave insignificant results (PR: 1.290; 95% CI: 0.444 - 3.747).

Conclusions: Increased Tp-Te/QT ratio in idiopathic outflow tract VPC patients was associated with higher prevalence ratio for VT, although this was affected by hypertension. Leads V4, V5 and V6 were equally strong in predicting VT events.




Cardiol Res. 2018;9(4):215-223
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr735w


Keywords


Idiopathic outflow tract VPC; VT; Transmural dispersion of repolarization; Tp-Te/QT ratio

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