Usefulness of the Whole Blood Passage Time as a Predictor of Primary Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Traditional Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Takashi Hitsumoto

Abstract


Background: Recent clinical studies have reported that impaired hemorheology is a significant cardiovascular risk factor, but there has been no prospective study of its relationship with cardiovascular events. The aim of this prospective study was to assess the efficacy of whole blood passage time (WBPT), measured by a microchannel array flow analyzer (MC-FAN), as a predictor of primary cardiovascular events in patients with traditional cardiovascular risk factors.

Methods: The study enrolled 1,134 outpatients with traditional cardiovascular risk factors but no history of cardiovascular events (438 men and 696 women; mean ± standard deviation age, 67 ± 11 years). Based on the value of WBPT, the patients were assigned to one of three groups: L (low, WBPT < 50 s; n = 499), M (medium, WBPT 50 - 70 s; n = 295), or H (high, WBPT > 70 s; n = 340). The utility of the WBPT as a predictor of primary cardiovascular events was evaluated.

Results: During the follow-up period (median 81.9 months), major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) occurred in 95 cases (L, 21 cases (4.2%); M, 24 cases (8.1%); H, 50 cases (14.7%); P < 0.001, log-rank test). In multivariate Cox regression analyses, the risk for MACE was significantly higher in group H than in group L (hazard ratio, 2.32; 95% confidence interval, 1.31 - 3.20; P < 0.01). A WBPT cut-off of 72.4 s yielded the largest area under the curve of 0.705 (95% confidence interval: 0.678 - 0.732), with a sensitivity of 51.7% and specificity of 85.4% for discriminating between those who did and did not experience MACE during the follow-up period.

Conclusion: This study showed that WBPT evaluated by a MC-FAN was a predictor of primary cardiovascular events in patients with traditional cardiovascular risk factors.




Cardiol Res. 2018;9(4):231-238
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr763w


Keywords


Hemorheology; Whole blood passage time; Microchannel array flow analyzer; Cardiovascular risk factor; Primary cardiovascular events; Cardio-ankle vascular index

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