A Case of Isolated Left Ventricular Non-Compaction Cardiomyopathy in a HIV Patient Presenting With Acute Heart Failure

Bibi Ayesha, Rafeeq Ahmed, Umut Gomceli, Carlos Manrique, Marin Nicu, Sridhar Chilimuri

Abstract


The etiology of cardiomyopathy in a HIV patient is multifactorial. Identifying the etiology of cardiomyopathy in a HIV patient needs extensive evaluation. Common causes include ischemic cardiomyopathy, myocarditis due to viral infections and opportunistic infections, cocaine abuse, alcoholic heart disease, drug toxicity or due to nutritional deficiencies. However, in a number of cases the etiology is unknown. We report a case of 36-year-old African American man with history of HIV who presented with acute heart failure due to left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC). Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiogram showed significant left ventricular trabeculations and blood flow in deep recesses. Endomyocardial biopsy was suggestive of LVNC. He underwent left ventricular assist device implantation for destination therapy and subsequently cardiac transplantation. The diagnosis of LVNC is often made by echocardiogram. As LVNC could be a normal variant, a comprehensive diagnostic assessment including multimodality imaging, a systematic screening of first degree relatives, and a comprehensive clinical and genetic assessment by a multidisciplinary team may be needed to arrive at the diagnosis. Early diagnosis and timely intervention may reduce the risk of premature death in these young patients.




Cardiol Res. 2019;10(4):236-240
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr889

Keywords


Cardiomyopathy; HIV; Left ventricular non-compaction

Full Text: HTML PDF
 

Browse  Journals  

     

Journal of clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 

 

 

 

Cardiology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1923-2829 (print), 1923-2837 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.        
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.cardiologyres.org   editorial contact: editor@cardiologyres.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.