Escherichia coli Endocarditis Presenting With Septic Shock in an Immunocompetent Female Patient

Christos Davoulos, Maria Lagadinou, Athanasios Moulias, Christos Triantos, Nikolaos Koutsogiannis, Markos Marangos, Stelios F. Assimakopoulos

Abstract


Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a rare cause of infective endocarditis, despite being a common cause of bacteremia. E. coli endocarditis affects most frequently immunocompromised elderly women, especially those with diabetes mellitus. We present a case of a 78-year-old female immunocompetent patient, presenting with septic shock and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. E. coli was isolated in all sets of blood cultures and in urine culture and a contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan revealed spleen and left kidney infracts. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a large (> 15 mm) mobile mass on the atrial side of the posterior mitral valve leaflet. The patient was initially treated with intravenous ceftriaxone and ciprofloxacin for 2 weeks with successful clinical response and clearance of bacteremia, was then subjected to valve replacement (with isolation of E. coli from replaced valve cultures) and continued antibiotic therapy for additional 4 weeks postoperatively. E. coli has emerged in recent years as an important cause of bacteremia, especially in the elderly. In selected patients, as those with persistent Gram-negative bacteremia or severe sepsis/septic shock, echocardiography is of paramount importance for the diagnosis of Gram-negative endocarditis and should be included in our diagnostic algorithm of patient’s evaluation.




Cardiol Res. 2019;10(5):318-322
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr940


Keywords


Infective endocarditis; E. coli; Bacteremia; Gram-negative endocarditis; Septic shock

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