A Novel Non-Invasive Assessment of Cardiac Hemodynamics in Patients With Heart Failure and Atrial Fibrillation

Fadi Khraim, Mohammad Alhamaydeh, Ziad Faramand, Samir Saba, Salah Al-Zaiti


Background: Heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) often coexist. The hemodynamic alterations induced by AF in patients with HF are well studied; however we lack reliable and non-invasive means to study these hemodynamic alterations in ambulatory patients. We sought to evaluate the clinical utility of impedance cardiography (ICG) as a novel and non-invasive tool to evaluate cardiac hemodynamics in ambulatory patients with HF and AF.

Methods: This was a single-center observational study. A convenient sample of ambulatory patients with chronic HF underwent non-invasive electrocardiogram (ECG) and hemodynamic monitoring using BioZ Dx impedance cardiographer. Hemodynamics was automatically computed and ECG data were interpreted by an independent reviewer.

Results: A total of 32 patients (62 14 years of age; 66% male; ejection fraction 3313%) were enrolled. There were no baseline demographic or clinical differences between those with AF (28%) and those without AF (72%). However, patients with AF exhibited lower stroke volume (60 7 vs. 89 29, P = 0.008), left ventricular work (33 9 vs. 45 13, P = 0.016), cardiac contractility (30 8 vs. 40 13, P = 0.037), and arterial elasticity (13 5 vs. 21 5, P = 0.012), as well as higher cardiac afterload (203 57 vs. 151 49, P = 0.015).

Conclusions: Using non-invasive ICG, we have shown that it is feasible to characterize hemodynamics in ambulatory HF patients. We show that AF compromises left ventricular function in patients with HF and is associated with excess afterload and reduced arterial elasticity.

Cardiol Res. 2020;11(6):370-375
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr1110


Atrial fibrillation; Heart failure; Hemodynamics; Impedance cardiography

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