Rabies and the Heart

Bryce Alexander, Jose Patricio Lopez-Lopez, Clara Saldarriaga, Carlos I. Ponte-Negretti, Ricardo Lopez-Santi, Gonzalo Emanuel Perez, Mildren del Sueldo, Fernando Lanas, Kiera Liblik, Adrian Baranchuk

Abstract


As one of the neglected diseases, rabies is as a highly fatal viral infection, most prevalent in low- and middle-income regions, which produces a substantial health and economic burden. It mainly affects the central nervous system causing encephalitis, however extraneuronal involvement has been documented. Cardiac structures may be involved and can play a role in the severity of the disease. Most of the existing literature comes from case reports and case series where cardiac involvement results in myocarditis and cardiac arrhythmias. As part of the “Neglected Tropical Diseases and Other Infectious Diseases Involving the Heart” (NET-HEART Project), the objective of this article is to review all the information available on the cardiac involvement of this disease.




Cardiol Res. 2021;12(2):53-59
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr1216

Keywords


Rabies; Heart; Myocarditis; Pericarditis; Cardiac arrhythmias; Blood vessels

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