Hemodynamic and Respiratory Effects of Regadenoson During Radiologic Imaging in Infants and Children

Brian Schloss, Ismail Bekiroglu, Colin O’Connor, Simon Lee, Julie Rice, Stephani S. Kim, Joseph D. Tobias

Abstract


Background: Myocardial perfusion imaging using radionuclides is a well-validated, noninvasive method to aid in the diagnosis of patients with suspected or known myocardial ischemia. To increase the sensitivity of the technique, pharmacologic agents which induce coronary vasodilatation are administered. Regadenoson is a novel selective A2A receptor agonist that has similar efficacy to adenosine for cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a more favorable adverse effect profile and is the most widely used pharmacologic stress agent. While widely used in adults, there is limited experience with it in pediatrics, particularly young children.

Methods: The current study retrospectively reviews our experience with stress cardiac MRI using regadenoson in children requiring general anesthesia. The study cohort included eight patients, all male, ranging in age from 2 to 6.2 years (mean age of 4.2 years) and in weight from 10 to 30.5 kg (mean weight of 18.5 kg). All patients received general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation and a volatile anesthetic agent.

Results: Heart rate 1 min prior to regadenoson was 99 ± 19.2 (mean ± standard deviation (SD)) beats per minute. Peak heart rate was achieved at an average of 4 min post regadenoson administration with a mean heart rate of 122 ± 15 beats per minute. The average of the mean arterial pressure 1 min prior to regadenoson was 53.4 ± 5.2 mm Hg. Mean arterial pressure nadir was noted at 6 min post regadenoson with a value of 44.1 ± 6.3 mm Hg. Blood pressure support with phenylephrine was required in four of the eight (50%) of patients. No adverse respiratory events were noted. Only one of the eight (13%) patients had a perfusion defect but had preserved ventricular function and recovered without incident.

Conclusions: Use of regadenoson in pediatric patients requiring general anesthesia is safe and feasible.




Cardiol Res. 2021;12(6):329-334
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr1323

Keywords


Pediatric anesthesia; Regadenoson; Myocardial perfusion imaging

Full Text: HTML PDF
 

Browse  Journals  

 

Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

 

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

 

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

 

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

 

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 
       
 

Cardiology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1923-2829 (print), 1923-2837 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.cardiologyres.org   editorial contact: editor@cardiologyres.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.