Coronary Artery Disease as an Independent Predictor of Cardiovascular Mortality in COVID-19 Patients

Hywel Soney, Nathan DeRon, Lucas Wang, Lawrence Hoang, Mujahed Abualfoul, Yi Zhao, Kristopher Aten, Victor Canela, Sri Prathivada, Michael Vu, Manavjot Sidhu


Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. However, little is known about the combined effect of coronary artery disease (CAD) and COVID-19 on mortality. We aimed to investigate the incidence of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in COVID-19 patients with CAD.

Methods: This multicenter retrospective study identified 3,336 COVID-19 patients admitted between March and December 2020. Data points were manually reviewed in the patients’ electronic health records. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess whether CAD and its subtypes were associated with mortality.

Results: This study shows that CAD was not an independent predictor of all-cause mortality (odds ratio (OR): 1.512, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.1529 - 14.95, P = 0.723). However, there was a significant increase in cardiovascular mortality in patients with CAD compared to those without (OR: 6.89, 95% CI: 2.706 - 17.53, P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in all-cause mortality in patients with left main artery and left anterior descending artery disease (OR: 1.29, 95% CI: 0.80 - 2.08, P = 0.29). However, CAD patients with a history of interventions (e.g., coronary stenting or coronary artery bypass graft) showed increased mortality compared to those solely treated by medical management (OR: 1.93, 95% CI: 1.12 - 3.33, P = 0.017).

Conclusions: CAD is associated with a higher incidence of cardiovascular mortality but not all-cause mortality in COVID-19 patients. Overall, this study will help clinicians identify characteristics of COVID-19 patients with increased risk of mortality in the setting of CAD.

Cardiol Res. 2023;14(3):221-227


Coronary artery disease; Cardiovascular mortality; COVID-19; Coronary intervention; Medical management

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