Comparing Left Atrial Low Voltage Areas in Sinus Rhythm and Atrial Fibrillation Using Novel Automated Voltage Analysis: A Pilot Study

James Mannion, Kathryn Hong, Sarah-Jane Lennon, Anthony Kenny, Joseph Galvin, Jim O’Brien, Gael Jauvert, Edward Keelan, Usama Boles


Background: Low voltage areas (LVAs) have been proposed as surrogate markers for left atrial (LA) scar. Correlation between voltages in sinus rhythm (SR) and atrial fibrillation (AF) have previously been measured via point-by-point analysis. We sought to compare LA voltage composition measured in SR to AF, utilizing a high-density automated voltage histogram analysis (VHA) tool in those undergoing pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for persistent AF (PeAF).

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with PeAF undergoing de novo PVI. Maps required ? 1,000 voltage points in each rhythm and had a standardized procedure (mapped in AF then remapped in SR post-PVI). We created six anatomical segments (AS) from each map: anterior, posterior, roof, floor, septal and lateral AS. These were analyzed by VHA, categorizing atrial LVAs into 10 voltage aliquots 0 - 0.5 mV. Data were analyzed using SPSS v.26.

Results: We acquired 58,342 voltage points (n = 10 patients, mean age: 67 ± 13 years, three females). LVA burdens of ? 0.2 mV, designated as “severe LVAs”, were comparable between most AS (except on the posterior wall) with good correlation. Mapped voltages between the ranges of 0.21 and 0.5 mV were labeled as “diseased LA tissue”, and these were found significantly more in AF than SR. Significant differences were seen on the roof, anterior, posterior, and lateral AS.

Conclusions: Diseased LA tissue (0.21 - 0.5 mV) burden is significantly higher in AF than SR, mainly in the anterior, roof, lateral, and posterior wall. LA “severe LVA” (? 0.2 mV) burden is comparable in both rhythms, except with respect to the posterior wall. Our findings suggest that mapping rhythm has less effect on the LA with voltages < 0.2 mV than 0.2 - 0.5 mV across all anatomical regions, excluding the posterior wall.

Cardiol Res. 2023;14(4):268-278


Persistent atrial fibrillation; Left atrial low voltage area burden; Radiofrequency ablation; Voltage histogram analysis

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Cardiology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1923-2829 (print), 1923-2837 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.