Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: A Cardiovascular Challenge Becoming a Contemporary Treatable Disease

Stefanos G. Sakellaropoulos, Benedict Schulte Steinberg


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is one of the most common genetic inherited diseases of myocardium, which is caused by mutation in genes encoding proteins for the cardiac sarcomere. It is the most frequent cause of sudden death in young people and trained athletes. All diagnostic methods, including heart catheterization, transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging, genetic counseling and tissue biopsy are required for risk and therapy stratification and should be individualized depending on phenotype and genotype. Current therapy has not been tested adequately. Beta-blockers and verapamil can cause hypotension which can make hypertrophic cardiomyopathy worse. Disopyramide has been inadequately studied, and mavacamten was only studied in small trials. More definitive trials are currently ongoing. Novel invasive and noninvasive diagnostics, medical therapies, interventional and surgical approaches tend to influence the natural history of the disease, favoring a better future for this patient population.

Cardiol Res. 2023;14(4):243-249
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr1514


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Obstruction; Myectomy; Alcohol ablation

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