A Case of Fulminant Myocarditis With Preceding Repeated Episodes of Congestive Heart Failure

Yuko Tada, Kenta Uto, Hiroshi Wada, Ken-ichi Sakakura, Jun-ichi Suzuki, Toshio Nishikawa, Junya Ako, Shin-ichi Momomura

Abstract


We report a rare case of fulminant myocarditis that was considered to have smoldered for a few months before it finally exteriorized. An 80-year-old man had had two episodes of mild congestive heart failure with preserved ejection function (HFPEF) within 3 months before he was finally admitted for the treatment of rapidly progressive heart failure. Cardiac function deteriorated remarkably on the final admission. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary support was used because of pump failure and conduction disability, however, the patient died on the 16th day. Endomyocardial biopsy revealed numerous inflammatory infiltrates in myocardium compatible with fulminant myocarditis. However, advanced fibrosis and increased number of B lymphocytes and plasma cells found in the present case were not typical for fulminant myocarditis. Considering several distinctive findings in clinical and laboratory findings together, two preceding HFPEF episodes were highly likely to be associated with myocarditis.




doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4021/cr261w


Keywords


Myocarditis; Heart failure; Episode

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