Acute Myocardial Infarction Complicated With Ventricular Septal Rupture: Report of Three Cases

Wenrong Su, Shuguang Wang, Jian Wang, Jungang Zhang, Yanbo Chen, Guodong Wang, Aiyuan Zhang

Abstract


We reported three cases of ventricular septal rupture (VSR) complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI), focusing on the causes, diagnosis, treatment and prevention. These three cases were diagnosed based on the findings of electrocardiogram, echocardiogram and blood myocardial markers, and were treated with conservative methods. These three cases were female, and all had history of hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus. In one case with age over 70, AMI was related to percutaneous coronary intervention of left anterior descending branch, and the stenosis of LAD resulted in AMI and subsequently VSR occurred, the patient’s condition worsened rapidly and the patient died after. Only one of the three cases survived the VSR. We concluded that the prognosis of VSR complicating AMI is associated with the causes, age, sex and comorbidities, and the prevention is critically important.




Cardiol Res. 2013;4(6):203-206
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4021/cr316e

Keywords


Ventricular septal rupture; Acute myocardial infarction; Treatment

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