The Effect of Intracoronary Stem Cell Injection on Markers of Leukocyte Activation in Acute Myocardial Infarction

Ragnhild Helseth, Trine Opstad, Svein Solheim, Ketil Lunde, Harald Arnesen, Ingebjorg Seljeflot

Abstract


Background: Beneficial effects of stem cell treatment during acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been suggested, but the effects on inflammation are controversial. The neutrophil cell markers pentraxin 3 (PTX3) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) are both reported to be elevated during AMI. We studied the effects of stem cell treatment in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) on PTX3 and MPO levels.

Methods: Subjects with STEMI undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were randomized to intracoronary injection of bone marrow cells (mBMCs) (n = 50) or controls (n = 50). Blood samples were drawn 1 day before mBMC injection (baseline), after 1 day, 3 days, 2 - 3 weeks and 3 months. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and RT-PCR were used for biochemical analysis. Myocardial necrosis was quantified by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and creatine kinase MB (CKMB) levels.

Results: PTX3 and MPO levels did not differ between the groups at any time points. Within the mBMC group, overall changes in both variables were observed (P < 0.01), with decreased levels from baseline throughout. Within the control group, similar patterns were observed. The relative reduction of PTX3 from baseline to day 1 was significantly less pronounced in the mBMC group compared to controls (P = 0.002), whereas no differences in relative changes from baseline were observed for MPO. Plasma and gene expression levels of PTX3 in leukocytes correlated significantly at all time points (r = 0.379 - 0.448, P < 0.01, all). MPO was significantly correlated to baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (r = -0.229, P = 0.025) and peak CKMB (r = 0.200, P = 0.05).

Conclusions: Stem cell treatment had limited effect on plasma levels of PTX3 and MPO. The initially high PTX3 and MPO levels, the genetic regulation of PTX3 and the association between MPO and myocardial injury support the importance of neutrophil cell activation in STEMI.




Cardiol Res. 2015;6(1):209-215
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/cr375w


Keywords


Bone marrow stem cells; Stem cell treatment; Acute myocardial infarction; Neutrophil markers; Pentraxin 3; Myeloperoxidase

Full Text: HTML PDF
 
Home     |     Log In     |      About     |      Search     |      Current     |      Archives     |      Submit      |     Subscribe


 

     

Aims and Scope

Current Issues

Conflict of Interest

About Publisher

Editorial Board

Archives

Copyright

Company Profile

Editorial Office

Misconduct and Retraction

Permissions

Company Registration

Contact Us

Abstracting and Indexing

ICMJE

Ownership

Instructions to Authors

Access

Declaration of Helsinki

Contact Publisher

Submission Checklist

Reprints

Terms of Use

Company Address

Submit a Manuscript

Open Access Policy

Privacy Policy

Browse Journals

Publishing Fee

Publishing Policy

Disclaimer

Recent Highlights

Peer-Review Process

Publishing Quality

Code of Ethics

Advertising Policy

Manuscript Tracking

Advanced Search

For Librarians

Careers

Publishing Process

Publication Frequency

For Reviewers

Propose a New Journal

       
       

Cardiology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1923-2829 (print), 1923-2837 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.        
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.cardiologyres.org   editorial contact: editor@cardiologyres.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

DECLARATION: THIS JOURNAL SITE OUTLOOK IS DESIGNED BY THE PUBLISHER AND COPYRIGHT PROTECTED. DO NOT COPY!