Are Measures of Left Ventricular Longitudinal Shortening Affected by Left Atrial Enlargement?

Angel Lopez-Candales, Dagmar F. Hernandez-Suarez, Francisco Lopez Menendez

Abstract


Background: Even though left atrial (LA) size and function are intimately related to left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction, the role of LA with regard to LV systolic function is less clear. Consequently, we examined the potential association that might exist between measures of longitudinal LV systolic shortening and LA dilation using LA volume index (LAVI).

Methods: In this retrospective analysis, data from 75 echocardiograms (mean age 53 ± 14; range 24 - 89 years; mean body surface area (BSA) 2.0 ± 0.3) were analyzed.

Results: Peak global longitudinal (PGLS) correlated best with LV mass index (LVMI) followed by mitral annular systolic excursion (MAPSE), and age. Similar results were obtained when analyzing the best variables that correlated with LAVI. Finally, MAPSE correlated best with PGLS, then with MA tissue Doppler systolic velocity, BSA, and LAVI in that order. All patients had normal LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and normal sinus rhythm when studied.

Conclusions: LAVI does not directly affect LV systolic function and longitudinal measures of LV shortening are mainly dependent on LV mass. Additional studies are now required to determine how these associations vary when different degrees of LV dilatation and systolic dysfunction are included in the analysis.




Cardiol Res. 2018;9(1):1-6
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr637w

 


Keywords


Automated functional imaging; Left ventricular function; Left atrial enlargement; Left ventricular mass; Left ventricular hypertrophy; Strain imaging

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