Application of Mitral Annular Systolic Displacements and Velocities for the Evaluation of Left Ventricular Systolic Function and Reserve

Dawod Sharif, Amal Sharif-Rasslan, Camilia Shahla, Uri Rosenschein

Abstract


Background: Mitral annular systolic displacement from M-mode echocardiography and velocity from tissue Doppler imaging reflect subendocardial longitudinal systolic LV performance and may precede radial abnormalities. The aim of this study is to evaluate the utility of mitral annular systolic displacement (D) and velocity (V) during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in detecting left ventricular (LV) functional reserve and wall motion abnormality (WMA).

Methods and Results: Fifty-nine subjects, 15 with resting WMA, underwent DSE and measurement of mitral systolic (D) and (V) before and immediately after DSE. Annular septal (D) was lower in those with WMA than in those without, at rest 10.5 4 cm versus 13.2 2 cm, p = 0.015, and after DSE, 11.7 3.8 cm versus 14 2.25 cm, p = 0.036, but without significant change after stress. Annular systolic (V) at rest with WMA was 9.7 1.8 cm/sec and similar to those without, 11.25 2.7 cm/sec. In both groups the velocity increased after DSE, 14.5 4.5 cm/sec, p = 0.025 with WMA and 17.8 3.2 cm/sec, p = 1.99 x 10-10 in those without WMA. Velocities after DSE were lower in those with WMA, p = 2.25 x 10-6.

Conclusions: To evaluate LV systolic performance mitral annular systolic longitudinal displacement is valuable at rest, but for assessment of LV functional reserve after stress velocities are better.




doi:10.4021/cr7w


Keywords


Systolic function; Dobutamine stress echocardiography; Tissue imaging; Functional reserve

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