Efficacy of the Reactive Oxygen Metabolite Test as a Predictor of Initial Heart Failure Hospitalization in Elderly Patients With Chronic Heart Failure

Takashi Hitsumoto

Abstract


Background: The reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) test has recently been explored as a novel marker of oxidative stress in vivo and used in clinical settings. Conversely, data regarding the utility of the d-ROMs test as a predictor of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are limited. This prospective study aims to elucidate the efficacy of the d-ROMs test as a predictor of initial heart failure (HF) hospitalization in elderly patients with CHF.

Methods: A total of 428 elderly outpatients with CHF with no history of HF hospitalization (108 males, 320 females; mean age, 75 ± 7 years) were enrolled. Based on the median value of d-ROMs test levels (303 U.CARR), the patients were divided into the following two groups: group L (low d-ROMs test levels) and group H (high d-ROMs test levels). The utility of the d-ROMs test as a predictor of initial HF hospitalization was evaluated.

Results: During the 88.1-month follow-up period, 58 HF cases were hospitalized (group L, 17 cases; group H, 41 cases; P < 0.001, log-rank test). Multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed that group H exhibited a significantly higher risk for HF hospitalization than did group L (hazard ratio (HR), 2.35; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.37 - 4.43; P < 0.01). Furthermore, the HR (vs. group L with low brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels (< 200 pg/mL), HR, 9.18; 95% CI, 4.78 - 22.94; P < 0.001) for the incidence of HF hospitalization increased in group H with high BNP levels (≥ 200 pg/mL).

Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that high d-ROMs test levels predict initial HF hospitalization in elderly patients with CHF. In addition, the predictive value for the incidence of HF hospitalization increases by using a combination of two biomarkers as d-ROMs test and BNP levels.




Cardiol Res. 2018;9(3):153-160
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr733w


Keywords


Reactive oxygen metabolites; Chronic heart failure; Heart failure hospitalization; Brain natriuretic peptide; Cardio-ankle vascular index; β-blocker

Full Text: HTML PDF
 

Browse  Journals  

     

Journal of clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 

 

 

 

Cardiology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1923-2829 (print), 1923-2837 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.        
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.cardiologyres.org   editorial contact: editor@cardiologyres.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.