Pericarditis After Breast Implant Rupture: A Case Report

Clemence Bretaudeau, Charlotte Vaysse, Paul Guerby, Olivier Lairez, Marc Soule-Tholy, Fabien Vidal, Elodie Chantalat


A ruptured breast implant is usually asymptomatic and accidentally discovered during an imaging test. However, implant ruptures can cause isolated silicone granulomas and cases of severe systemic disease. We report the first case of a 39-year-old female patient with augmentation breast implants and myopericarditis secondary to implant rupture. Many etiologies of myopericarditis were explored, but none were selected with the exception of the rupture of the implant in the left breast. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a prosthetic rupture with capsular intrusion and formation of a silicone granuloma with inflammation of the pericardium on contact. Clinical and radiological improvement was observed in the short term after surgical removal of the implant. A review of the literature was conducted supporting the hypothesis of an autoimmune and inflammatory syndrome induced by an adjuvant.

Cardiol Res. 2018;9(6):381-384


Autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome; Breast implant rupture; Myopericarditis; Silicone granuloma

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Cardiology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1923-2829 (print), 1923-2837 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.            
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