Clinical Significance of Arterial Velocity Pulse Index in Patients With Stage B Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction

Takashi Hitsumoto

Abstract


Background: In clinical settings, the arterial velocity pulse index (AVI) is explored as a novel marker of atherosclerosis using pulse wave analysis; however, data regarding the correlations between AVI and heart failure (HF) are limited. This study aimed to elucidate the clinical significance of AVI in patients with stage B HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 345 patients with stage B HFpEF (no symptoms despite evidence of cardiac structural or functional impairment, and left ventricular ejection fraction which is estimated by echocardiography ≥ 50%) were enrolled. Patients with a history of HF hospitalization were excluded. The AVI was measured using a commercial device, and associations between AVI and various clinical parameters were examined.

Results: Significant correlations between AVI and various clinical parameters, such as E/e' as a maker of left ventricular diastolic function (r = 0.35; P < 0.001), high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T levels as a marker of myocardial injury (r = 0.47; P < 0.001), reactive oxygen metabolite levels as an oxidative stress marker (r = 0.31; P < 0.001), urinary albumin concentration as a marker of kidney function (r = 0.34; P < 0.001) and calf circumference as a marker of muscle mass volume (r = -0.42; P < 0.001) were observed. Furthermore, multiple regression analyses revealed that these clinical parameters were selected as independent variables when AVI was used as a subordinate factor.

Conclusions: This study shows that AVI might be a determining factor for prognosis in patients with stage B HFpEF. Nevertheless, further comprehensive prospective studies, including intervention therapies, are warranted to validate the findings of this study.




Cardiol Res. 2019;10(3):142-149
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr864


Keywords


Arterial velocity pulse index; Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction; Stage B; Left ventricular diastolic function; High-sensitivity cardiac troponin T; Oxidative stress; Sarcopenia

Full Text: HTML PDF
 
Home     |     Log In     |      About     |      Search     |      Current     |      Archives     |      Submit      |     Subscribe


 

     

Aims and Scope

Current Issues

Conflict of Interest

About Publisher

Editorial Board

Archives

Copyright

Company Profile

Editorial Office

Misconduct and Retraction

Permissions

Company Registration

Contact Us

Abstracting and Indexing

ICMJE

Ownership

Instructions to Authors

Access

Declaration of Helsinki

Contact Publisher

Submission Checklist

Reprints

Terms of Use

Company Address

Submit a Manuscript

Open Access Policy

Privacy Policy

Browse Journals

Publishing Fee

Publishing Policy

Disclaimer

Recent Highlights

Peer-Review Process

Publishing Quality

Code of Ethics

Advertising Policy

Manuscript Tracking

Advanced Search

For Librarians

Careers

Publishing Process

Publication Frequency

For Reviewers

Propose a New Journal

       
       

Cardiology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1923-2829 (print), 1923-2837 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.        
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.cardiologyres.org   editorial contact: editor@cardiologyres.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

DECLARATION: THIS JOURNAL SITE OUTLOOK IS DESIGNED BY THE PUBLISHER AND COPYRIGHT PROTECTED. DO NOT COPY!