Clinical Significance of Arterial Velocity Pulse Index in Patients With Stage B Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction

Takashi Hitsumoto


Background: In clinical settings, the arterial velocity pulse index (AVI) is explored as a novel marker of atherosclerosis using pulse wave analysis; however, data regarding the correlations between AVI and heart failure (HF) are limited. This study aimed to elucidate the clinical significance of AVI in patients with stage B HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 345 patients with stage B HFpEF (no symptoms despite evidence of cardiac structural or functional impairment, and left ventricular ejection fraction which is estimated by echocardiography ≥ 50%) were enrolled. Patients with a history of HF hospitalization were excluded. The AVI was measured using a commercial device, and associations between AVI and various clinical parameters were examined.

Results: Significant correlations between AVI and various clinical parameters, such as E/e' as a maker of left ventricular diastolic function (r = 0.35; P < 0.001), high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T levels as a marker of myocardial injury (r = 0.47; P < 0.001), reactive oxygen metabolite levels as an oxidative stress marker (r = 0.31; P < 0.001), urinary albumin concentration as a marker of kidney function (r = 0.34; P < 0.001) and calf circumference as a marker of muscle mass volume (r = -0.42; P < 0.001) were observed. Furthermore, multiple regression analyses revealed that these clinical parameters were selected as independent variables when AVI was used as a subordinate factor.

Conclusions: This study shows that AVI might be a determining factor for prognosis in patients with stage B HFpEF. Nevertheless, further comprehensive prospective studies, including intervention therapies, are warranted to validate the findings of this study.

Cardiol Res. 2019;10(3):142-149


Arterial velocity pulse index; Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction; Stage B; Left ventricular diastolic function; High-sensitivity cardiac troponin T; Oxidative stress; Sarcopenia

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Cardiology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1923-2829 (print), 1923-2837 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.            
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