Incidence, Characteristics and Atherosclerotic Involvement of Coronary Artery Anomalies in Adult Population Undergoing Catheter Coronary Angiography

Navdeep Singh Sidhu, Gagandeep Singh Wander, Anmol Monga, Arashdeep Kaur

Abstract


Background: Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) are rare disorders of coronary anatomy with varied clinical presentations. There are widespread geographic variations in incidence and patterns of these anomalies, with limited data from North Indian population. We performed a retrospective study to evaluate the incidence, characteristics and atherosclerotic involvement of CAAs in adult population undergoing catheter coronary angiography.

Methods: Serial coronary angiographies performed at our institution over a period of 2.5 years (from January 2017 to June 2019) were retrospectively analyzed. We identified patients with anomalous coronaries and studied their clinical characteristics and angiographic profiles.

Results: Among 3,233 coronary angiograms analyzed, CAAs were found in 99 patients with an incidence of 3.06%. Mean age of the patients was 56.2 ± 12.9 years (range: 20 - 86 years), with 74.75% being males and 25.25% females. Split right coronary artery (RCA) was the most common coronary anomaly, being seen in 27 patients; with an angiographic incidence of 0.84%. Dual left anterior descending artery (LAD) was the second most common anomaly and was seen in 22 cases with an angiographic incidence of 0.68%. Absent left main trunk was noted in 14 patients (0.43%). Ectopic origin of RCA from left sinus was seen in 12 patients (0.37%), while ectopic origin of RCA from ascending aorta was seen in four patients (0.12%). Ectopic origin of left circumflex artery (LCX) from right sinus or RCA was noted in 13 patients (0.40%). One patient (0.03%) had a superdominant LAD supplying the posterior descending artery (PDA). Coronary artery fistulae were seen in six patients (0.18%). Significant coronary artery disease (CAD) was seen in 89 of 268 (33.21%) normal vessels, whereas it was seen in 56 of 114 (49.12%) of anomalous vessels. This difference was statistically significant (P = 0.003).

Conclusions: The incidence of CAAs in our study was slightly higher than many of the previous angiographic series. The patterns of coronary anomalies in our study were different from most of the previous studies. Our study had higher incidence of atherosclerotic involvement of anomalous vessels as compared to normal vessels.




Cardiol Res. 2019;10(6):358-368
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr941


Keywords


Coronary artery anomalies; Atherosclerosis; Coronary artery disease; Left anterior descending artery; Left circumflex artery; Right coronary artery; Left main trunk; Split right coronary artery; Dual left anterior descending artery

Full Text: HTML PDF
 

Browse  Journals  

     

Journal of clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 

 

 

 

Cardiology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1923-2829 (print), 1923-2837 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.        
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.cardiologyres.org   editorial contact: editor@cardiologyres.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.